Herpes Encephalitis: Symptoms, Causes And Treatments
If you think herpes is confined to only genitals and mouth, you have seen only one side of the coin. In case you think genital herpes is the most troubling one, think about it. Today we will talk about a lesser know, yet common form of herpes- herpes encephalitis. Have you ever heard of it? Apart from those who suffer from the problem, only a very few people are aware that herpes can infect human brain too. In case you aren’t a medico person, you might find it difficult to understand the term herpes encephalitis, right? Actually, encephalitis is a term for any type of inflammation in human brain. When this inflammation is cause because of herpes simplex virus, we call it herpes encephalitis. If you were told that herpes cannot reach brain, let me tell you that it is the most common form of encephalitis. In the United States alone, the infection troubles 2,000 patients per year. This makes it responsible for approximately 10 percent of all cases of encephalitis in the United States per year. This makes it necessary to talk about it. Because awareness can save many lives, let us see what herpes encephalitis is, what are the available herpes encephalitis treatment and all other aspects related to the disease.
By now you know that herpes Encephalitis is an inflammation in human brain, the cause of which is herpes simplex virus. However, it is still not clear which type of herpes virus causes the problem. Also known by the name Herpetic Brainstem Encephalitis and Herpetic Meningoencephalitis, the disease is usually caused by herpes simplex type 1 virus. Yes, it is the same virus that causes oral herpes. We will talk in detail about the causes of herpes encephalitis later on, but, before that, let us discuss the most common symptoms that would tell you that you are suffering from herpes encephalitis.
SYMPTOMS OF HERPES ENCEPHALITIS
Knowing the symptoms of herpes encephalitis is more important, even more crucial than knowing herpes encephalitis treatment. Yes, it is true because once you know that something is going on wrong in your body and what that might be, you have time to know about the treatments. But, if you allow the disease to take hold of your body completely and then wake up when you are in a critical condition, treatment would rarely do any help. So, it is better to spread awareness of the symptoms of herpes encephalitis. Here is the list you should watch out for while ruling out the possibilities for herpes encephalitis.
- General weakness.
- Stiff neck and altered reflexes as it is there in the case of meningitis
- Agitation, confusion or speech abnormalities.
The worst part is that there are no skin lesions that can characterize the herpes infection. Yes, Herpes encephalitis is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV), but usually these are no cold sores or skin issues. The symptoms also take random time to develop and often the infection goes silent for a long time. These were initial symptoms of herpes encephalitis. However, in some cases, behavioral changes such as hyperactivity or psychotic episodes occur. It is understandable because the disease has something to do with the brain. If you observe similar problems occurring to you, make sure you consult a doctor immediately. We will now see the causes of herpes encephalitis and following that will be the method to diagnose. Once you are aware of all these aspects, we will throw light on the methods of herpes encephalitis treatment.
CAUSES OF HERPES ENCEPHALITIS
As told earlier as well, herpes encephalitis is caused when you are infected with herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-I). However, in rare cases, it is also observed that the disorder is caused by herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-II). These rare cases most often are found in neonatal.
Herpes usually is characterized by small fluid-filled blisters that generally attack the lips or genitals. However, Herpes simplex encephalitis rarely occurs in conjunction with oral or genital lesions. Because of this, you have to undergo a proper diagnosis. Knowing the symptoms of herpes encephalitis may give a hint, but ultimately, a diagnosis would tell the final verdict.
DIAGNOSIS OF HERPES ENCEPHALITIS
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can be used to confirm whether you are infected with herpes encephalitis or not. Another popular diagnostic method is using advanced imaging techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You can get the exact status using any of the above listed tests.
HERPES ENCEPHALITIS TREATMENT
The conventional treatment methods include the use of antiviral drug Zovirax (acyclovir). Many patients have found great relief and improvement in symptoms of herpes encephalitis. Another antiviral drug that has been used to treat herpes simplex encephalitis is vidarabine. However, for many either it doesn’t work because they have developed resistance over time, or they value their health more than the instant effect, hence are looking for better alternatives. In addition to this, antiviral therapy may not benefit affected individuals in advanced stages of the infection. The question here is, what are the other alternatives then? There are many alternatives available for oral and genital herpes. However, not much research has been done to find a suitable alternative cure for herpes encephalitis. If you look at it carefully, it can be more dangerous.
Hence, you should not only consult a doctor, but try to seed what can make your condition better on your own. You can in fact try out herpoveda. As herpes encephalitis is somewhat threatening, we cannot rely on just a herbal remedy. Herpoveda instead is a scientific combination of a dozen of powerful herbs. If you have herpes encephalitis, or know someone who has it, just think about using herpoveda. Or else, you can continue using the antiviral drugs, provided you are okay with the adverse effects they continuously induce into your body.